A Case of Bicuspid Aortic Double Raphed Valve with Vertical Opening: A New Type of Valve Dysmorphism. Usefulness of 2 and 3-D Transesophageal Echocardiography

CASE REPORT, July 2013, VOL II ISSUE III, ISSN 2042-4884
10.5083/ejcm.20424884.97 , Cite or Link Using DOI
Creating a Digital Object Identifier Link

A digital object identifier (DOI) can be used to cite and link to electronic documents. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it to link permanently to electronic documents.

To find a document using a DOI

  1. Copy the DOI of the document you want to open.
    The correct format for citing a DOI is as follows: doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61345-8
  2. Open the following DOI site in your browser:
    dx.doi.org
  3. Enter the entire DOI citation in the text box provided, and then click Go.
    The document that matches the DOI citation will display in your browser window.

The DOI scheme is administered by the International DOI Foundation. Many of the world's leading publishers have come together to build a DOI-based document linking scheme known as CrossRef.

D’Aloia Antonio, Vizzardi Enrico, Bonadei Ivano, Bugatti Silvia, Metra Marco

The manuscript describes a rare case of double raphe in a bicuspid aortic valve. The aortic valve appeared to be apparently composed by only two cusps but without a clear raphe definition on short axis view. A transesophageal 2D and 3D  echocardiogram examination confirmed that the aortic valve was formed by two highly redundant cusps with vertical opening and two lateral opposite symmetrical raphes confirming an extremely rare morphology of bicuspid aortic valve. The transesophageal 2D and real time 3D echocardiography provided improvement in spatial identification and orientation of the multiple raphes in this rare setting.